Historical-architectural values |
19 cultural and
architectural monuments, located in the old pert of Shahrisabz and
of Amir Temur and the Temurids’ epoch are entered in the book of
UNESCO “Common to all mankind valuable” the integrity is also in
original condition. Job for there integrite is held in these
monuments. Thea are very compactly located in one of the largest
streets (Buyuk Ipak Yuli street). Trafic is one-side that allowes to
go to tne monuments on foot.
Ak-saray complex |
The palace Ak-saray is large architectural
monument of the Cental Asia of the Middle Ages. 2 columns of palace
portal, palace square, flush khauzes and about 10 planes of the
garden made by project, are preserve for today. The whole image of
Ak-saray is preserved in wrotten sources of historians and poets of
this time. For instance the palace omage can be met in the memories
of Nizomoddin Shomi, Sharofiddin Ali Yazdi, Khofiza Obru, Ibn
Arabshokha, Mukhammad Bade’ Malikho, Mitza Bobur, Alisher Navoiy and
the ambassador of Kastiliya (Spain) Rui Gozales Klavikho. Different
styles of Central Asian architectural school are used on Ak-saray
monument such as mosaics and patterns of coloured front bricks and
majolica. There are 7 coloures: blue, azure, black, yellow, green,
white, rick-red and goldish on the carved mosaic.
Dorus-tilovat complex |
This complex consisits of cathedral
mosque Kukgumbaz, tomb of Shamsiddin Kulol and Gumbazi Sayyidon,
cells for students. All building were createf by the project in
different time (mainly XIV-XVI centuries), there is a garden in the
centre of the large yard from North to South.
Dorus-saodat complex |
Dorulsiyodat complex is located in the
Estern part of Dorus-tilovat. Comlex which consists of Khazrat Imam’s
mosque, the tomb of the early died eldest son of Amir Temur, the heir
throne Jakhonguir Mirzo, the tomb of the next Amir Temur’s son
Umarshaykh Mirzo in the Southe part, and the mausoleum built for Amir
Temur in the Eastern part. A lot of tombs of Barloses emirs were found
during architectural digs. Historians who saw the building wrote
surprisingly that it looked splendid in its time. The foundation of
building, Jakhonguir’s tomb, Khazrat Imam’s mosque and trees in the yard
preserved for today show a luxurious complex.
Chor-su is a building with a single central place,
located in the crossroads from North to South and from East to West with
common area of 21х21 metres. Chor-su of Shahrisabz built in XV century
is quite different in the engeneering point of view from Chor-su of
Samarkand and Bukhara of that time.
Chubin complex |
Complex is located in the north-East End of
the town and consists of mosque, entering part of the gate, yard,
cells, 2-floors building created in XI century. The complex was
built in XIV-XVI centures in accordance with archaeological and
wrotten sources and its name have 2 explanations. The first one is a
sponsor’s name who built this complex, as there is a big tomb in one
of the cell, the stone which was used for the tomb was also found on
the coffin’s cover. The second one the name is originated from the
Farcy-Tajic language meant “made of wood “ (Chub-tree, in-dom). This
version is unconvincing as wood was rarely used when creating the
building. There is a museum of town’s history in this complex.
Caravan-serai Koba |
Koba has a bid means as a public building.
Caravan-serai build as a rectangle with a yard in the centre. Koba
is a single monument of typical Caravan-serais. Yard is square with
cut tangles, building is one-story, cells are closed in the shape of
angle cupola. There is no patterns in the front wall. The walls are
very thin. According to ethnographic information its name concerned
with Arab from Irak’s town Kufa.